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The Table of Acronyms and Abbreviations 


                

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z   e-Book

縮寫字 abbreviation

中文名稱

Chinese Name

英文名稱 網址 

English Name and web address

ACMAD

非洲氣象應用發展中心

African Center for Meteorological Applications to Development

AGCM

大氣一般環流模式

Atmospheric General Circulation Model

AFOS

自動化區域作業及服務

Automation of Field Operations and Service (AFOS) system

AMIP

-

Atmospheric Model Intercomparision Project (runs)

AMS JOIN

美國氣象學會出版品

American Meteorological Society Journals Online Issue Notification http://ams.allenpress.com/amsonline/?request=index-html

ARCs

應用研究中心

Applied Research Centers

ARQ

-

Automatic Repeat Request

ASCII

資訊交換美國標準碼

American Standard Code of Information Interchange

ASEAN

東南亞國家協會

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASOS

美國氣象局新一代系統

NWS new generation system (Automated Surface Observing System)

ATCR

熱帶氣旋年報

Annual Tropical Cyclone Reports;  http://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/2006atcr/

AVN

NCEP航空模式

NCEP's aviation model

AWC/NCEP

NCEP航空天氣中心

NCEP/Aviation Weather Center

AWIPS

進一步天氣內部處理系統

Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System                          Top

BER

bit 錯誤率

bit error rate

BoM

澳洲氣象局

Australia, Bureau of Meteorology http://www.bom.gov.au/climate

BMRC

澳洲氣象研究中心

Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre , Australia

BPPT

印尼評審應用技術處

Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology, Indonesia

BUFR

-

Binary Universal Form for Data Representation

CAC

氣候分析中心

Climate Analysis Center

CARDONE

-

ECMWF five day average wind stress; Cardone Level 2B data

CARE /COLA

環境應用研究中心

Center for the Application of Research on the Environment

CAMS

氣候異常監視系統

Climate Anomaly Monitoring System

CAYAN

-

Cayan analysis of COADS monthly net heat flux data

CCA

-

statistical Canonical Correlation Analysis (model of CPTEC/INPE in Brazil)

CCB

-

Communication Control Block

CCI

-

WMO Commission of Climatology

CCITT

國際電報電話諮詢委員會

International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee

CCM

-

IRI-ARCS CMP AMIP

CDA /NOAA

-

The Wallops Command and Data Acquisition Station

CDC

-

Centers of Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov

CDIAC

二氧化碳資訊分析中心

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center               Top

CDAS-1

-

NCEP-NCAR Climate Data Assimilation System I

CFC

-

Chloro Fluoro Carbon (CFC)

CHRIS

-

Chris'es wind stress calculated from EOF-filtered Servain stress and various drag formulations

CIFOR

國際森林研究中心

Center for International Forestry Research

CIRS

-

Climate Index Reference Sequential "Time Biased Corrected" state http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cirs

CLIMAG

氣候預測與農業

Climate Prediction and Agriculture,

CMB

-

NCEP EMC Climate Model Bulletin

CMD

IRI氣候監測與發布

IRI Climate Monitoring and Dissemination http://iri.ldeo.columbia.edu:2000/iri/component/monitoring

CMO

線上氣候監測

Climate Monitor Online http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/climon

CMP

偶合模式計畫

Coupled-Modelling Project

COADS

海洋大氣綜合資料集

Comprehensive Ocean Atmosphere Data Set http://nndc.noaa.gov/?home.shml

COF

氣候展望會議

Climate Outlook Forum

COLA /IGES

--氣研究中心

Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies http://grads.iges.org/colablurb.html

CONUS

相接的聯邦州

Conterminous United States

COST

科技歐聯

European Cooperation in Science and Technology

CP/NCEP

NCEP中心作業

NCEP/Central Operations               Top

CPC /NCEP

NCEP氣候預測中心

NCEP/Climate prediction Center http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov

CPHC

中太平洋颶風中心

Central Pacific Hurricane Center

CPTEC

巴西天氣預測與氣候研究中心

Center for Weather Prediction and Climate Studies, Brazil http://www.cptec.inpe.br

CRC

-

Cyclical Redundancy Check

CRD

Scripps研究所氣候研究組

Climate Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego http://meteora.ucsd.edu

CRU

東英格蘭大學氣候研究組

UEA Climatic Research Unit

http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/data

CWB

中央氣象局

Central Weather Bureau, Taiwan, R.O.C. http://cwb.gov.tw

DASILVA

 

Dasilva's research data

dB

分貝(聲音強度單位)

Decibel

dB/K

-

Decibel per degree Kelvin

dBW

-

Decibels relative to one watt

dBW/M2

-

dBW per square meter

DCP

GOES資料蒐集平台

GOES Data Collection Platform (data)

DDC

WMO IPCC資料分配中心

WMO IPCC Data Distribution Centre http://ipcc-ddc.cru.uea.ac.uk

DMC

肯亞奈洛比乾旱監測中心

Drought Monitoring Center, in Nairobi

DMSP

防護氣象衛星計畫

Defense Meteorological Satellite Program                       Top

DODS

-

Distributed Oceanographic Data System

DS0

-

digital signal, level zero

ECAMS

中南部緊急通訊聯盟

Emergency Communications Alliance of the Mid-South http://www.ecams.org

ECHAM

歐洲中心HOPE大氣模式

European Center Hamburg (HOPE) Atmospheric Model http://www.ecmwf.int/services/seasonal/info/info.html

EUMETSAT

歐洲氣象衛星開發組織

European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites

ECMWF

歐洲中範圍天氣預報中心

European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasts http://www.ecmwf.int

ECPC

UCSD經驗氣候預測中心

Experimental Climate Prediction Center Climate Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography UCSD, La Jolla http://ecpc.ucsd.edu

EIRP

-

effective isotropic radiated power

EMC /NCEP

-

NCEP/Environmental modeling Center

EMWIN

-

Emergency Managers Weather Information Network http://iwin.nws.noaa.gov/emwin/winven.htm

ENSO

-

El Nino/Southern Oscillation

EOF

經驗正交函數

Empirical Orthogonal Function http://iri.ldeo.columbia.edu:2000/outreach/training/climlab2000

ERBE

-

Earth Radiation Budget Experiment http://ingrid.ldeo.columbia.edu

ERL

-

NOAA OAR (ERL) Environmental Research Laboratory

EVE

-

EVE is an new data set name (different from AVE)

FAO

-

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization

FCS

-

frame check sequence

FDL

-

Foreign Data Library

FEWS

饑荒預警系統

Famine Early Warning System http://www.fews.org/fews.html

FH

-

frame-level header

FNI

-

FNI Norway

FOS

-

Family of Services http://www.nws.noaa.gov/oso/fospage.shtml           

FSL

預報系統實驗室

Forecast Systems Laboratory                    Top

FSOD

-

ftp Surface Observation Data http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/res40.pl?page=gsod.html

FSU

-

Florida State University wind analysis http://www.met.fsu.edu/currentwx

GCIP

-

GEWEX Continental-Scale International Project

GCMs

-

General Circulation Models

GCPS /NCDC

-

NCDC Global Climate Perspectives System http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/ol/climate/climatedata.html

GEDEX

-

Greenhouse Effect Detection Experiment

GFDL

-

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

GHA

-

Drought Monitoring Center for the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) (UN:Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda ) http://www.meteo.go.ke/dmc/index.html

GHCN

-

Global Historical Climatology Network http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/res40.pl

GHz

-

gigahertz

GISS

-

Goddard Institute for Space Studies

GMT

-

Greenwich mean time

GOES

-

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GOSTA

全球海面溫度圖集

Global Ocean Surface Temperature Atlas

GRIB

-

gridded binary

GSFC

-

NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

GTSPP

-

Global Temperature and Salinity Pilot Project

HDLC

-

High-level Data-link Control

HIC

-

Hydrologic Information Center

HIG

-

Hawaii Institute for Geophysics

HOPE

-

Hamburg Ocean Primitive Equation model, developed at the Max-Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg.

HPC /NCEP

-

NCEP/Hydrometeorological Prediction Center http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov

HQ

-

Headquarters

ICD

-

AWIPS Interface Control Document

ICSU

-

International Council of Scientific Unions

IGES

-

Institute of Global Environment and Society http://ioc.unesco.org/iocweb

IGOSS

-

Integrated Global Ocean Services System

INPE

-

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais http://www.cptec.inpe.br

IOC

-

WMO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission http://www.unesco.org/ioc

IPCC

-

WMO Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change http://www.ipcc.ch/

IPCC DDC

-

WMO Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Data Distribution Centre http://ipcc-ddc.cru.uea.ac.uk

IPO /NOAA

-

Integrated Program Office

IR

-

infrared

IRD

-

Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, France

IRI

-

International Research Institute for Climate Prediction http://iri.ldeo.columbia.edu

IRICIS

-

IRI Climate Information System                        Top

ISCCP

-

International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project

ISCS

-

International Satellite Communications System

ISO

-

International Standards Organization

ITCZ

-

Intertropical Convergence Zone http://www.icess.ucsb.edu/geos/136.html

IWIN

-

Interactive Weather Information Network

JCOMM

-

Joint WMO/IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology

JMA

日本氣象廳

Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA)  http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/index.html

JONES

-

Jones' climatology (NCAR source directory) Monthly Global Surface Temperature for 1851 to 1994 http://dss.ucar.edu/datasets/ds215.0

JSTC

-

Japan Science and Technology Corporation

JTWC

-

Joint Typhoon Warning Center http://www.npmoc.navy.mil/jtwc.html

Kbps

-

Kilobits per second

KEELING

-

KEELING Mauna Loa CO2 data 1958-1995

km

-

kilometer

LDEO

-

Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University

LGM

-

CLIMAP Last Glosial Maximun

LNB

-

low-noise block

Mbps

-

megabits per second

MGS

-

Master Ground Station

MHZ

-

Megahertz

MOM

-

Modular Ocean Model

MPC /NCEP

-

NCEP/Marine Prediction Center http://www.mpc.ncep.noaa.gov

MPI

-

Max-Planck Institute

MRTC

-

Malaria Research and Training Center in Bamako

NAO

-

North Atlantic Oscillation http://cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/nao.htm

NASA

美國國家太空總署

National Aeronautics & Space Administration http://www.nasa.gov

NBS

-

NOAAPORT Broadcast System

NC

-

National Center

NCAR

美國國家大氣研究中心

National Center for Atmospheric Research http://ncar.ucar.edu

NCD

-

NOAA Cooperative Data

NCDC

美國國家氣候資料中心

data service

National Climatic Data Center http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/ncdc.html

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/igra/

NCEP

美國國家環境預測中心群

National Centers for Environmental Prediction http://www.ncep.noaa.gov/ol/about/ncdcordering.html

NCF

-

Network Control Facility

NCL

-

NOAA Central Library

NDBC

-

National Data Buoy Center

NDMC

-

National Drought Mitigation Center http://www.enso.unl.edu/monitor/about.html

NESDIS

-

National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov

NESS

-

National Environmental Satellite Service

NEXRAD

-

NWS new generation system (NEXT generation Radar)

NGDC

-

NOAA National Geophysical Data Center http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov

NH

-

northern hemisphere                   Top

NIC

-

National Ice Center [Department of Defense (Navy) & Department of Commerce (NOAA-NESDIS & NWS) http://www.natice.noaa.gov

NMC

美國國家氣象中心

NOAA National Meteorological Center

NMFS

-

National Marine Fisheries Service

NNDC

-

NOAA three National Data Centers (Climatic, Geophysical and Oceanographic)

NOAA

美國國家海洋暨大氣總署

National Ocean and Atmospheric Adminastration http://www.noaa.gov

NODC

-

National Oceanographic Data Center http://www.nodc.noaa.gov

NOHRSC

-

National Operational Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center

NOS

-

National Ocean Service

NPMOC/JTWC

-

Naval Pacific Meteorological and Oceanography Center/Joint Typhoon Warning Center http://www.npmoc.navy.mil

NPOESS

-

National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System

NRZ

-

nonreturn to zero

NSF

美國國家科學基金會

National Science Foundation

NSIDC

-

National Snow and Ice Data Center

NVDS

-

National Virtual Data System http://nndc.noaa.gov

NWS

-

NOAA National Weather Service http://www.nws.noaa.gov/center.html

NWSTC

-

National Weather Service Training Center

NWSTG

-

National Weather Service Telecommunication Gateway http://www.nws.noaa.gov/oso/index.shtml

NY

-

New York

NYU

-

New York University

OAR

-

NOAA Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research http://www.oar.noaa.gov

OCHA

-

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

ODA

-

NCEP Ocean Data Assimilation

OGP

-

NOAA Office of Global Programs http://www.ogp.noaa.gov/aboutogp/index.html

OLR

-

Outgoing Longwave Radiation

OPI

-

OLR Precipitation Index

OSDPD

-

Office of Satellite Data Processing and Distribution

OSI

-

Open System Interconnection

OSO

-

Office of Systems Operations http://www.nws.noaa.gov/osodef.html

PDH

-

product-definition header

PDO

-

Pacific Decadal Oscillation

PMEL

-

NOAA OAR (ERL) Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory http://www.pmel.noaa.gov

POES

-

Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite             Top

PRC

-

PRC Inc.   

PROFILER

-

NWS new generation system

PSH

-

Product-specific header

QCCA

-

Queensland Centre for Climate Applications

QPSK

-

Quadrature Phase-Shift Keying

RF

-

Radio Frequency

RFC

-

River Forecast Center

RSM

-

Regional Spectral Model

RUC

-

Rapic Update Cycle

SAA

-

NOAA Satellite Active Archive http://www.saa.noaa.gov

SAHRA

-

University of Arizona: Sustainability of Semi-Arid Hydrology and Riparian Areas http://www.sahra.arizona.edu

SBN

-

Satellite Broadcast Network

SEC/NCEP

-

NCEP/Space Environment Center

SFSS

-

Satellite Field Services Station

SIO

-

Scripps Institution of Oceanography of the University of California (in San Diago)

SN4

-

Spacenet IV

SOC

-

Systems Operations Center

SOI

-

Southern Oscillation Index http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/soi.htm

SPC /NCEP

-

NCEP/Storm Prediction Center

SST

-

Sea Surface Temperature

TAO

-

NOAA Tropical Atmosphere Ocean project http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao

TPC

-

Tropical Prediction Center

TPC/NCEP

-

NCEP/Tropical Prediction Center

UCAR

美國大學大氣研究聯盟

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research http://www.ucar.edu/ucar

UCSD

-

University of California in San Diego

UEA

東英格蘭大學

University of East Anglia http://www.uea.ac.uk

UN

-

United Nations                   Top

UOP

美國大學大氣研究聯盟計畫辦公室

UCAR Office of Programs

USAID

-

US Agency for International Development

USGS

-

United States Geological Survey http://www.usgs.gov

USGCRP

-

U.S. Global Change Research Program http://www.usgcrp.gov

USHCN

-

United States Historical Climatology Network http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/ol/climate/research/ushcn/ushcn.html

VIS

-

visble

WAFS

-

World Area Forecast System http://www.nws.noaa.gov/iscscvr.shtml

WBAS

-

Weather Bureau Airport Station (Honolulu)

WDCS

國際地球物理年資料中心(12國52個中心)

World Data Center System (International Geophysical Year of 1957-1958 (IGY) now includes 52 Centers in 12 countries http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/wdc/

http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/wdc/about.shtml

WFO

-

Weather Forecast Office

WHO

世界衛生組織

World Health Organization    http://www.who.int/

WMO

世界氣象組織

世界氣象資訊服務

World Meteorological Organization (UN)  http://www.wmo.int/

 http://worldweather.wmo.int/

WV

-

water vapor

XOR

-

exclusive-or                    Top

Related Publishes

Science

http://www.scienceonline.org

 -

 

 

Geoscience Library

http://www.columbia.edu/cu/libraries/indiv/geosci/proxyjournal.html

 -

 

 

Columbia University Library

http://www.columbia.edu/cu/libraries/indiv/geosci/proxyjournal.html

 -

 

AMS journals

http://ams.allenpress.com/amsonline/?request=index-html

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